World Diabetes Day is observed every year on November 14 across the world to raise awareness about the diabetes mellitus or diabetes, which is a metabolic disorder. This condition, if not treated, can lead to many other complications like cardiovascular diseases, diabetic ketoacidosis, foot ulcer, stroke and eye damage. World Diabetes Day was launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) to address the issue of rapid increase in the number of diabetes patients around the world. The day is celebrated by several health organizations, politicians, healthcare professionals, diabetes patients and companies. Every year, a theme is selected for the day and this year the theme is Women and diabetes. According to reports, one in ten women has diabetes and out of five women with diabetes, two are in the reproductive age. With this year’s theme, Women and diabetes, the World Diabetes Day 2017 campaign will highlight the importance of educating women about the condition and affordable technologies and medicines. Information about diabetes is important as it will help in early diagnosis and treatment. Here are some of the early sign and symptoms of diabetes you should watch out for. (ALSO READ Corporate male workers more affected by diabetes).
Frequent urination and feeling thirsty more often
Normally, you urinate four to seven times in a day but if you have diabetes you will pee a lot more. Glucose is reabsorbed by your kidneys but in diabetic condition, the blood sugar is high and this causes your body to produce more urine. You will have to drink more water and you will have to pee more often.
The lenses in your eyes can swell up due to the changing levels of fluid in your body. The lenses may change shape and may not be able to focus.
You may feel tired and hungry
Insulin allows the body to use the glucose, which is used as energy. If your body doesn’t produce any or enough insulin, then the cells do not have glucose as the source of energy. You will experience fatigue and will be hungrier.
Itchy skin and dry mouth
You will be urinating more, so you have less fluid in your body. Your body doesn’t have enough moisture and your skin will become itchy. If you are dehydrated, you will also experience dryness of mouth. (ALSO READ Over 30 mn diabetics in India in a decade due to ‘erratic lifestyle‘).
These are the symptoms if your blood glucose levels are high for a long period of time.
Slow healing of wounds
Your blood flow will be affected by high blood sugar over a period of time. It can also cause nerve damage. The condition will slow down the healing process.
Vomiting and nausea
As glucose is not available as an energy source, your body burns fat. This can lead to the production of ketones and high levels of ketones can be dangerous. The condition is called ketoacidosis. Ketones can also result in vomiting and nausea.
Numbness in your legs or feet
Diabetes can cause nerve damage and this can lead to numbness or pain in your legs or feet.
Since your body will have plenty of glucose, yeast can thrive as it feeds on glucose. You may notice yeast infection in moist part of your body like under your breasts, between toes or finger or around sex organs.
If you are experiencing unexplained weight loss, then it is a sign that you have diabetes. You lose weight, because your body is burning stored fat for energy and not the glucose from the foods you eat. You may end up losing weight even when you are not on a diet.
Knowing the signs and symptoms of the disease will help in early detection. Consult your doctor if you experience any of the symptoms.