Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. In this condition, the blood that is pumped from the heart into the blood vessels to reach other parts of the body is pumped with very high pressure. As a result, there is an excess force exerted on the walls of blood vessels. This in turn makes the heart pump the blood harder.

Even though high blood pressure is a very dangerous condition it is a condition that you can completely avoid provided you to take the necessary precautions. “When you take a look at some of the causes of high blood pressure, you would know the precautionary measures that you would need to take. Some of the causes include family history, stress, even conditions like such as kidney disease, excess alcohol, obesity, smoking,” says Pavithra N Raj, Chief Dietician, Columbia Asia Referral Hospital Yeshwanthpur.

High blood pressure then can lead to serious diseases like heart attack and stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases. It is of paramount importance to keep a close tab on what you eat as your diet plays a very crucial role in causing and controlling high blood pressure. It is not difficult to adhere to certain dietary regulations. The DASH diet, for example, has been known to be very effective against high blood pressure. But it is not just about what you eat; it is also about what you need to avoid, to reduce the risk of high blood pressure. Here are some things you will need to be careful of, according to Pavithra:

Various studies have found that excess sodium is the main culprit. Foods that rich in sodium need to be avoided at all costs. Certain foods like pickles, papads, preserved foods, cured meats, canned foods, packaged foods have excess sodium in them. You need to avoid instant noodles, soups, pastas which have Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) and Ajinomoto. Several other foods masquerade as healthy but have excess sodium like salad dressing, chutneys, sauces, cheese and even biscuits and salted nuts.
According to the World Health Organisation, you need to stick to no more than 5 gm of salt every day.