Annually observed on March 22, World Water Day aims at informing people about the significance of fresh water and sustainable management of its resources. Water is the building block of life and is essential for the survival of the human population. The worldwide campaign, World Water Day becomes more important in today’s time when we are already trying to cope up with the rapid climate change, scarcity of freshwater, increasing population, and the ongoing pandemic COVID-19. This year, the theme of World Water Day is ‘Water and Climate Change’. Also Read - World Water Day 2020: History, Significance And Why It's Important in The Time of Coronavirus
Significance of Water
Water plays a key role in socio-economic development. Providing vital services to human population, water is needed for the human health and livelihood. Without its existence, we can’t think of food, oxygen, and human population. Though 71 per cent of the Earth’s surface is covered by water, only 2.5 per cent of it is fresh and is good for humans to consume. Though the natural recycling process has kept the amount of freshwater fairly constant on Earth, exploding human population has increased the demand and competition. Also Read - World Water Day 2018: Know The Facts And Significance Of This Day
Even if you don’t believe, water scarcity is real. And, our inefficiency of using water sustainably can cost too much to the future generation. Also Read - On World Water Day, Railways unveils water conservation policy
Link Between Water And Climate Change
Increasing population has led to extensive use of fuels. This has created a rise in pollution and heat. As a result of which melting of glaciers is occuring. Also, frequent floods and destruction of water points have become a common occurrence. This is further leading to the contamination of water sources. Increasing climate change is leading to drought in some places and causing heavy rain in others. This is leading to an uneven availability of water and impacting the health and productivity of the human population. The unpredictable weather condition has affected the distribution of groundwater and has led to the deterioration of water quality.