Silent Valley National Park in Kerala is probably the last undisturbed forest tract of the Western Ghats that continues to wear the crown of being one of the wildest natural spaces in South India. Home to rare animals such as the Nilgiri Tahr and Lion-Tailed Macaques, as well as the greenest of dense evergreen forests ever, the park is among the most favourite biodiversity hotspots for nature and wildlife fanatics.
A duration of 1-2 days is enough for a trip to Silent Valley, within which, you can explore the entire park and indulge in all major activities like the wildlife safari, animal and bird sighting, and visiting the main attractions inside the sanctuary. If you’re interested in a specially guided tour inside the protected regions of the forest for an intimate experience with the wide range of flora and fauna, you can obtain special permission from the forest authorities.
Among the gorgeous flora, you can see plants like orchids, ferns, liverworts, lichens, algae, grasses, legumes, rubiaceae, asters, cardamom, black pepper, beans, rice, and 110 other plant species with medicinal value in abundance.
Among the fauna, there’s Nilgiri langur, Malabar giant squirrel, Peshwa’s bat, Hairy-winged bat, Hanuman langur, tiger, panther, leopard cat, jungle cat, fishing cat, common palm civet, small Indian civet, brown palm civet, ruddy mongoose, stripe-necked mongoose, dhole, clawless otter, sloth bear, small Travancore flying squirrel, Indian pangolin, porcupine, wild boar, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, mouse deer, elephant, bush frog, and gaur.
Among the avifauna the most seen are: Nilgiri wood pigeon, Malabar parakeet, Malabar grey hornbill, white-bellied treepie, grey-headed bulbul, broad-tailed grass-bird, rufous babbler, Wynaad laughingthrush, Nilgiri laughingthrush, Nilgiri blue robin, black-and-rufous flycatcher, Nilgiri flycatcher, white-bellied blue-flycatcher, crimson-backed sunbird, Nilgiri pipit, Ceylon frogmouth, great Indian hornbill, long-legged buzzard, red winged crested cuckoo, Malabar pied hornbill, pale harrier, black-and-orange flycatcher and black bulbul.
The best way to experience the rich diversity of this park is by going on a wildlife safari accompanied by a certified guide. The guides make sure that you’re at the right spot at the right time to make the most of your time inside the park. They also tell you about the various aspects of the sanctuary and take you to the places where you’re most likely to spot animals and birds.