West Bengal is a potpourri of highly diversified biosphere; there are the mountains, Deltaic Islands, rivers and their tributaries, mangrove forests, a huge diversity and flora and fauna, and a number of wildlife parks to protect and provide shelter to most of them. Exploring wildlife in these parks is an experience on its own, you get to spot mammals, reptiles, birds, vertebrates, amphibians and some really gorgeous plants.
Neora National Park
Located in Kalimpong, Neora National Park was established in the year 1986. Considered one of the richest biological zones in Eastern India, it is the land of the elegant red panda. Virgin natural forests, dense bamboo groves, colourful rhododendron trees, lush green valley, meandering rivers and snow-capped form the backdrop of this park. It’s a birder’s delight; with the most commonly sighted ones being crimson-breasted woodpecker, Darjeeling woodpecker, golden-throated barbet, Hodgson’s hawk cuckoo, brown wood owl, ashy wood pigeon, mountain imperial pigeon, black eagle, mountain hawk eagle, and dark-throated thrush.
Singalila National Park
The location of this park is something to reckon with; it is bordered by Sikkim in the north and Nepal on the west. Spanning across an area of 78 square kilometres, it is situated at a height of 1,200m above sea level. The two highest peaks in West Bengal, Sandakphu and Phalut form the backdrop of the park. The park has a number of mammals including the red panda, leopard cat, barking deer, yellow-throated marten, wild boar, the Himalayan black bear, leopard, clouded leopard, serow and takin.
Jaldapara National Park
Jaldapara National Park is situated at the foothills of Eastern Himalayas in the Alipurduar sub-division in northern West Bengal. Located by the banks of river Torsa, it is famous for the Indian one horned rhinoceros.
Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary
First established as a game park in the year 1955, Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary later got the status of a sanctuary in 1959. Located at 1,1219 meters above sea level, in the riverine and dense-mixed forests of the sanctuary, are some exotic animal species such as the Royal Bengal tiger and the Indian bison. This sanctuary is located in Darjeeling, and can be reached from Siliguri in 30 minutes.