Washington, Sep 27 (PTI) Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) reached an all time high in the US last year, with over two million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis reported in the country, health officials said today.Also Read - Afghanistan Crisis: Why Did Ashraf Ghani Leave The Country?

The majority of these new diagnoses (1.6 million) were cases of chlamydia, according to the annual Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance Report by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Also Read - US Eases Travel Restrictions on India Amid Dip in COVID Cases, Lowers Advisory to Level 3 | Here's What it Means

There were also 470,000 gonorrhoea cases and almost 28,000 cases of primary and secondary syphilis – the most infectious stages of the disease, the report said. Also Read - The Penchant Endorsement of The Crisis of India by International Media

While all three of these STDs can be cured with antibiotics, if left undiagnosed and untreated, they can have serious health consequences, including infertility, life- threatening ectopic pregnancy, stillbirth in infants, and increased risk for HIV transmission, researchers said.

“Increases in STDs are a clear warning of a growing threat,” said Jonathan Mermin, director of CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention.

“STDs are a persistent enemy, growing in number, and outpacing our ability to respond,” said Mermin.

While young women continue to bear the greatest burden of chlamydia (nearly half of all diagnosed infections), surges in syphilis and gonorrhoea are increasingly affecting new populations, the report said.

Syphilis rates increased by nearly 18 per cent overall from 2015 to 2016. The majority of these cases occur among men – especially gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM), it said.

However, there was a 36 per cent increase in rates of syphilis among women and a 28 per cent increase in syphilis among newborns (congenital syphilis) during this period.

More than 600 cases of congenital syphilis were reported in 2016, which has resulted in more than 40 deaths and severe health complications among newborns.

The disease is preventable through routine screening and timely treatment for syphilis among pregnant women.

“Every baby born with syphilis represents a tragic systems failure,” said Gail Bolan, director of CDC’s Division of STD Prevention.

“All it takes is a simple STD test and antibiotic treatment to prevent this enormous heartache and help assure a healthy start for the next generation of Americans,” said Bolan.

While gonorrhoea increased among men and women in 2016, the steepest increases were seen among men (22 per cent).

Research suggests that a large share of new gonorrhoea cases are occurring among MSM.

These trends are particularly alarming in light of the growing threat of drug resistance to the last remaining recommended gonorrhoea treatment.

MSM also bear a great syphilis burden. MSM make up a majority of syphilis cases, and half of MSM diagnosed with syphilis were also living with HIV – pointing to the need to integrate STD and HIV prevention and care services, the report said.

This is published unedited from the PTI feed.