The Supreme Court, in a landmark verdict on Wednesday, clipped the powers of the Lieutenant Governor, saying that he has no “independent decision-making power” and has to act on the aid and advice of the elected government. Also Read - Coronavirus Cases in Delhi Cross 1.45 Lakh-mark, Kejriwal Says Situation Under Control | Top Developments
The judgement laid down broad parameters for the governance of the national capital, which has witnessed a bitter power tussle between the Centre and Delhi government since the AAP government first came to power in 2014. Also Read - Delhi Sexual Assault Case: BJP Claims 'Lawlessness', Congress Waves Black Flags Outside AIIMS
Both the Centre and the Delhi government welcomed the SC’s ruling with the BJP calling it a verdict against “anarchist” Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal while the AAP calling a victory of democracy and people of the national capital. Also Read - Open Hotels, Gyms, Weekly Markets in Delhi: Kejriwal's 3 Proposals For Unlock 3
To end the confusion over the verdict, Union minister Arun Jaitley today explained the judgement in an article named “What the Supreme Court has acutally observed in the Delhi Government case”, published on his Facebook account.
“It would be both important and necessary to first analyse the law declared by the Supreme Court since various versions of what the Supreme Court has said have appeared in the media,” he wrote in the article.
Jaitley said that the Supreme Court has made it clear that the Delhi government has no police powers and, hence, it cannot set up an investigating agency to probe crimes committed in the past.
Secondly, the presumption that the issue concerning the administration of the UT cadre of services has been decided in favour of the city government would be “wholly erroneous”, he said.
“There are several issues which had directly not been commented upon, but by implication, there is some indication of those issues. However, unless issues of importance are flagged, discussed and a specific opinion is rendered, none can assume that silence implies an opinion in favour of one or the other,” Jaitley said. As Delhi has no police powers, it cannot set up an investigative agency to probe crimes as had been done in the past, said the Minister.
“Secondly, the Supreme Court has held categorically that Delhi cannot compare itself at par with other States and, therefore, any presumption that the administration of the UT cadre of services has been decided in favour of the Delhi government would be wholly erroneous,” the minister added.
Jaitley said the judgement elaborates at length the constitutional philosophy behind the Constitution and reaffirms precisely the text of what the Constitution says.
“It does not add to the powers of the state government or the central government nor does it in any way dilute the same. It emphasises at the importance of elected state government, but Delhi being a Union Territory makes its powers subservient to the central government,” he said.
Jaitley said, ordinarily, in the larger interest of democracy and federal politics, the Lieutenant Governor should accept the exercise of power by the state. “But if it has good and cogent reasons supported by material to disagree, he can record the same in writing and refer the same to the President (i.e. the central government), which will resolve the difference of opinion between the state government and the Lieutenant Governor. “The decision of the central government will be binding both on the Lieutenant Governor and the elected state government. Thus, hereto the opinion of the centre is over-riding,” Jaitley said.
He said the judgement gives due importance to the opinion of the elected state government, but maintains the primacy of the central government in the larger interest of the national capital.
“Delhi is not a state and, therefore, there could be no assumption that powers which belong to state government’s also belongs to the elected government of the Union Territory.
“It has been specifically held by the Supreme Court that it is crystal clear that by no stretch of imagination, NCT of Delhi can be accorded the status of a state under the present constitutional scheme and the status of the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi is not that of a Governor of a State, rather he remains an administrator, in a limited sense, working with the designation of Lieutenant Governor,” Jaitley added.