New Delhi, June 15: India is facing its worst water crisis in history, said a National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog report. Talking about the water shortage, the report said that around 600 million Indians are facing high to extreme water scarcity currently, quoted NDTV.com.
The report also mentioned that around two lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to potable water. It gave a warning that water crisis will only get worse by 2030 for the country’s demand for water will be double of the supply.
According to ‘Composite Water Management Index‘ report released by Minister for Water Resources Nitin Gadkari, hundreds of millions of people would suffer from water shortage and the country’s GDP will register a drop of 6 percent. The report also foretold that by 2020, 21 major cities would have dried up their groundwater, which in turn, would affect 100 million people.
The report pointed out that 70 percent of India’s water is contaminated while citing data by some independent agencies. In terms of water quality index, India stands at 120th position among 122 countries. The NITI Aayog report has also designated ranks to all the states in the index based on composite water management, comprising nine broad sectors with 28 different indicators covering various aspects of groundwater, restoration of water bodies, irrigation, farm practices, drinking water, policy and governance.
Gujarat has been ranked first in the country, followed by Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. The worst state is Uttar Pradesh, followed by Bihar, Rajasthan, Haryana, and all the states, that has a population of over 600 million people. The poor performance of these states on the Index highlights a significant water management risk for the country going forward, the news channel quotes from the report.
Tripura has emerged as the top state in 2016-17, among northeastern and Himalayan states. The state is followed by Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam.