New Delhi, Oct 27: India’s second indigenous aircraft carrier, INS Vishal, which is under development, will not be nuclear-powered as country’s premier nuclear institution, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has said that it would take 15-20 years to develop a nuclear reactor capable enough to propel the 65,000-70,000 tonne vessel.Also Read - EPL 2021-22: David De Gea and Jesse Lingard Stars in Manchester United's Dramatic Win Over West Ham
Business Standard said in a report that BARC has developed a nuclear reactor that generates 190 Megawatts power. The reactor is used in India’s first indigenous nuclear-capable submarine, INS Arihant. However, a vessel of the size of INS Vishal will require 500-550 Megawatts, which will take 15-20 years to become completely operational. Apart from miniaturising the reactor, one challenge for BARC will be to make it impervious to the marine environment. Also Read - CBSE CTET 2021 Registration Begins Today, Apply At ctet.nic.in | Check Important Details Here
There is also a dispute regarding who will foot the bill for the 500 Megawatt reactor. A navy admiral told Business Standard: “BARC wants us to place a ‘development contract’ to fund the reactor’s development. Why should we do that?” Also Read - JNU Entrance Exam 2021 To Begin From Today; Check Exam Hall Guidelines
An Integrated Electric Propulsion System (IEPS) will replace nuclear reactor in the original plan. The gas turbine-based drive generators will produce electricity, which will rotate motors to give power to the propellers.
In a nuclear-powered vessel, the electricity is generated by generators that are run by steam produced by the nuclear reactor.
INS Vishal will have a capacity to house 55 aircraft and will also have the “electromagnetic aircraft launch system” (EMALS) to catapult aircraft off the carrier.