New Delhi, Dec 22: Finally, the Parliament functioned in a manner in which it should act on routine basis. Civil activism and fear of anti-establishment protests across the country forced the Opposition and ruling party to unite in the Upper House of Parliament and pass the much-needed amendments to the Juvenile Justice law. Although, the rectified bill would not act in a retrospective manner to grant ‘Nirbhaya’ the rightful justice, it does ensures that in future, the savages, masqueraded as juveniles, pay the rightful penalty of their heinous crimes. (ALSO READ: Juvenile Justice Bill a tribute to my daughter: Nirbhaya’s father)Also Read - Nirbhaya Case: Delhi HC Dismisses Pawan Gupta's Plea Claiming He Was Juvenile in 2012

Here is all you need to know about the legislative amendment which is seen as a revolutionary move by a section of civil society: Also Read - CBI Registers FIR Against Two Shelter Homes in Bihar; Probe Underway Against Owners For Physically Assaulting Inmates

– The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2015 has been passed by the Rajya Sabha on December 22. The discussion on the legislation was taken up on high priority as this was the second last day of the uproarious Winter Session. Also Read - Kerala Couple Who Abandoned 2-day-old Girl Child Outside Church Arrested

– The law has lowered the age of juveniles from 18 to 16 to be charged as adults in cases of heinous crimes.

– List of heinous crimes include all those activities which would under, normal circumstances lead to imprisonment for more than 7 years. This includes rape, murder, dacoity, etc.

– However, the bill first advocates for the creation of Juvenile Justice Board, which comprise of a judicial magistrate and two social workers as members, apart from an eminent woman personality.

– The Juvenile Justice Board would ascertain whether the convicted juvenile (between 16-18 years of age) is fit to be charged as an adult or he/she should be treated as juveniles.

– The creation of Juvenile Justice Board is justified in the bill itself. The rationale behind the move is stated as follows: “To consolidate and amend the law relating to children alleged and found to be in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection by catering to their basic needs through proper care, protection, development, treatment, social re-integration, by adopting a child-friendly approach.”

– Apart from the Juvenile Justice Board, the law also includes the provision of the creation of a Child Welfare Committee, which would be setup in every district.

– Each committee will have a chairperson and four other members, all specialists in matters relating to children. Their job would be to ensure institutional care for children in their respective districts.

– The parents of 2012 Delhi gang-rape victim, Jyoti Singh, also known as Nirbhaya (fearless) were seated in the Rajya Sabha while members were discussing the legislation. As deputy speaker P J Kurien announced the passage, tears rolled down the eyes of Asha Singh, the mother of Nirbhaya. Her emotions highlighted the fact that it took a relentless struggle to force the legislative branch of our polity to finally act.