New Delhi, May 25: Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) predicts 94 cm of rainfall this monsoon season. If the figures end up being accurate, India would receive 106 per cent of the normal rainfall. The claims of IMD gets validated as the Australian Bureau of Meteorology has confirmed that El Nino has come to an end. The climatic phenomenon was responsible for the depreciating rainfall in the eastern pacific world, including the subcontinent region, as well as the soaring temperatures. El Nino gets replaced with La Nina, which would create absolutely opposite weather conditions. Rainfall would be massive, and the surface temperature of Pacific ocean would remain cool, thereby reducing temperatures in the entire geographical region.

Due to El Nino, India faced the worst drought in 37 years. For two consecutive years in a row, the rainfall was way below normal. In 2014, 12 per cent deficit rains were recorded, whereas, the figure soared to 14 per cent in 2015. (ALSO READ: Good monsoon ahead? IMD forecast proves wrong 70 per cent times, reveals rainfall statistics)

YearIMD ForecastActual Rainfall
200693%96%
200795%105%
200899%99%
200996%77%
201098%102%
201198%102%
2012102%98%
201398%106%
201495%88%
201593%85%
2016106%

El Nino (in spanish, means ‘the boy’) is weather phenomenon which keeps recurring at regular intervals since the past 300 years. The temperatures which soar due to El Nino leads to adverse economic impact in nations which are heavily dependent on agrarian activities.

La Nina, which also known as anti-El Nino, begins as soon as the latter ends. After a dry spell of two years, farmers in India are expecting a season of bumper monsoon, which would rejuvenate their fields, and bring back life into the soil. The water crisis in rural India would also be addressed as massive rainfall would recharge the parched wells and ponds.

Australian Bureau of Meteorology claims that the last of El Nino was experienced in mid-May. Since the past fortnight, the temperature of sea surface in eastern pacific region has drastically cooled down, which signals the end of El Nino, and the beginning of La Nina.