New Delhi: The Union Cabinet on Tuesday approved funds to the tune of over Rs 8,500 crore in order to update the National Population Register, stated a report. The government is all set to carry out the two major exercises namely the NPR and the Census in 2020.

Notably, NPR is a register of usual residents of a nation. A usual resident is defined as a person who has resided in a local area for the past six months or more, or who intends to reside in the area for the next six months. As per the law, registration and issuance of a national identity card is mandatory for every Indian citizen.

Census, on the other hand, is a comprehensive database which contains information on the country’s demography, economic activity, literacy and education, housing and household amenities, urbanisation, fertility and mortality among other factors. It is a reliable and time tested exercise with a history of over 130 years.

Here are the objectives and characteristics of the National Population Register:

1) The National Population Register will be prepared at various levels including the local (village/sub-town), sub-district, district, state and national level as per the provisions of the Citizenship Act of 1955 and the Citizenship Rules of 2003.

2) The NPR is being carried out under the aegis of the Registrar General and ex-Officio Census Commissioner of India.

3) The NPR exercise will be carried out between April and September 2020 in all states and UTs, except Assam, along with the house listing phase of the census exercise. Note that, Assam has been excluded from the NPR exercise because authorities has already conducted a National Register of Citizens (NRC) exercise in the state.

4) Through the NPR, the Indian government seeks to create a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country.

5) Bio-metric and demographic particulars of every usual resident in the country will be collected for the purpose of creating a database.

6) The data for NPR was last collected in 2010 along with the house listing phase of the Census 2011. Updating of this data was done during 2015 by conducting door to door survey.

7) A gazette notification for the forthcoming NPR has been published by the central government in August.