New Delhi, Jan 23: On the 119th birth anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose, the NDA government led by Narendra Modi lived up to its promise by declassifying the files related to the revolutionary freedom icon. At least 100 confidential files were released in the public domain by the Centre. The files could be accessed by common citizens through the online portal netajipapers.gov.in.
Here are the five most important facts released by the government which settles the ambiguity surrounding Subhash Chandra Bose’s death, the whereabouts of the final segments of his life and the treatment meted out towards his kin following Independence. (ALSO READ: Subhash Chandra Bose stint with Congress: Why Netaji fall apart with Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru?)
– Rumour Killer: Bose indeed died on August 18, 1945 in a plane crash
Dozens of conspiracy theories have surfaced not only on alternate mediums of information, but also carried by mainstream publications which claimed that Bose did not die in the plane crash in Taiwan, but had left Japan to take a safe refuge in the Soviet Union. However, the much-awaited declassification of Bose files reveal that he succumbed to the injuries suffered in the plane crash on August 18, 1945. His body was cremated 2 days later and the ashes were carefully despatched to Tokyo.
The cabinet note of March 5, 1995 confirms that Bose was killed in a tragic incident in Taiwan. The undertaking was further validated by the findings of Khosla Commission.
– Treasury accompanying Bose
Before his death, Bose was considered as the head of Provincial Free India (the region of Burma) occupied by Japan in 1945. As the Allied Forces were successful in combating the Japanese army and Bose’s INA, Netaji was forced to flee. While he boarded the unfortunate flight in Taiwan, he had the treasury containing the material wealth of his provincial government. The collective value is said to be at Rs 1 lakh (according to 1945 prices). The same was returned to Indian government in 1956, as mentioned in the Shah Nawaz Committee.
– Nehru-government offers compensation to Bose’s immediate family
Indian government offered Rs 6000 compensation per month to Bose’s wife. However, on her rejection, the same amount was dispatched on monthly basis to his daughter, until she got married.
– Refusal by Indira Gandhi government to bring back the ashes of Subhash Chandra Bose stored in Japanese temple
The Renkoji temple in Tokyo had written to Indian government in 1971 to take back the ashes of India’s revered leader Subhash Chandra Bose. However, the Indira Gandhi denied the request since it was feared that the return of Bose ashes would create panic among many of his indeginous supporters who firmly believe that he was alive. According to a confidential report prepared by the home ministry in 1977, the Indian embassy was paying the temple authorities in Tokyo Rs 5000 a year for the safekeeping of the freedom fighter’s ashes.
– Subhash Chandra Bose was not a ‘war criminal’
According to one of the declassified files, it is revealed that the Ministry of External Affairs under Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s government had filed an enquiry with their British counterparts to ascertain whether the consideration of Bose by the British which had reiterated on several occasions that he was a traitor. The reply was as follows: “Bose’s name is not in the list of war criminals drawn up by the UK after World War II.”