New Delhi, May 31: Amid ongoing fears that Nipah virus has spread to other states such as Karnataka and Himachal Pradesh, the Delhi government on Thursday issued an advisory for general public mentioning the preventive measures they should adopt in high-risk areas. A news agency ANI reported that death toll rises to 16 as another victim passes away in Calicut.
- Report to Health Care Facility immediately if having a viral fever like symptoms with neck rigidity. Do not self-medicate.
- Maintain respiratory hygiene (avoid spiting) and cough etiquettes (use clean handkerchief).
- Wash hands with soap and water before and after meals and after coming from marketing like buying fruits and vegetables.
- Health care workers are advised to use full barrier personal protective equipment before examination of patients.
- Not to eat any fruit partially eaten or having a bite mark by a bat or any other animal. Special precaution is to be taken with fallen Mangoes lying under the trees in this season.
- Stop consumption of raw date palm sap.
- By and large, there is no travel advisory. However unnecessary travel to the affected districts of Kerala can be avoided for time being.
In the wake of the sudden outbreak of Nipah virus in Kerala, the governments of Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Puducherry had issued advisories urging the people to take adequate precautions and not go to high-risk areas to avoid the spread of the contagious disease.
At present, there is no vaccine or drug to treat NiV infection in humans or animals. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care. The virus spreads through close contact with people’s secretions and excretions. Eating food that may have droplets of saliva and urine of infected bats can lead to transmission of the virus.
Nipah virus cases were previously reported from West Bengal’s Siliguri in 2001 and Nadia district in 2007. A total of 47 deaths were reported from the two districts.