New Delhi: Preparation in the national capital are in full swing for the 70th Republic Day which falls on Saturday, i.e. 26th January. Security has been beefed up to avoid any incident and police is also keeping vigil.

Republic day is celebrated every year to honour the Constitution as it came into force on this day. The first Republic Day was celebrated in 1950. A national holiday is declared by the Indian Government on this day.

This year president of South Africa Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa will be the chief guest.

Important things to know about this day: 

1. On this day, the Constitution of India came into effect. On January 26, 1950, the Constitution prepared by the Drafting Committee headed by Dr. BR Ambedkar was enacted and put into force. On this day, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first president of India.

2. The first Republic Day parade also took place on January 26, 1950. Between 1950 and 1954, it was being held at Irwin Stadium (now National Stadium), Kingsway, Red Fort, and Ramlila ground.

3. The new Indian Constitution was sketched and approved by the Indian Constituent Assembly and decided to celebrate it on 26th of January every year as India became a republic country.

4. The celebration is a three-day affair. It ends on January 29 with the Beating Retreat ceremony held at Vijay Chowk.

5. India Gate will remain closed on 23rd January from 09:00 AM onwards on account of full dress rehearsal. The security in the state has been beefed up for the Republic Day celebration and 30 face recognition cameras and 250 CCTV have been installed at various sites to keep a vigil on the event.

6. There will be no traffic allowed on 22nd January from 06:00 PM at Rajpath till the parade gets over owing to dress rehearsal. There are metro timing on selected routes for the passengers.

7. The airspace at Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport has been suspended from January 20 to January 26 for rehearsal and Republic day parade. Following this, flights scheduled between 10:35 AM to 12:15 PM will be affected and those later in the day are likely to be delayed.

8. Before Republic Day, dry days are announced. Most of the states observe dry days on major national festivals/occasions such as Republic Day (January 26), Independence Day (August 15) and Gandhi Jayanti (October 2).

9. However, it will be the first time that a woman officer would be leading the Army Services Corps in the 2019 Republic Day parade. The Daredevils Motorcycle Team will also include a women officer in their team this year.

10. On this day, President honours selective Indian citizens for their unusual acts of bravery. The awards such as Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan, and Kriti Chakra are awarded.