New Delhi, June 1: According to a UN report, India was among the top three disaster-hit nations in the world in 2015 incurring damages worth $3.30 billion. Aiming to curb the human as well as the economic cost of natural disasters, Prime Minister Narendra Modi released the first National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) in the country. Minister of Home Affairs Rajnath Singh, Minster of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju, along with several senior officials from the PMO and Ministry of Home Affairs were present at the event. Also Read - UK PM Boris Johnson Offers Days Off From Lockdown To Form 'Christmas Bubble'
The plan is based on the Sendai Framework, an international agreement laid out by the United Nations. It is lays out the four major priorities; understanding disaster risk, strengthening disaster risk governance, investing in disaster risk reduction, and enhancing disaster preparedness. (ALSO READ: Twitter can help gauge damage by natural disasters in real time) Also Read - UN Atomic Watchdog: Iran Now Operating Natanz Centrifuges
The national plan enlists and covers the phases of disaster management. This includes prevention, mitigation, response and recovery. The vision of the plan aims to “Make India disaster resilient (so it can) achieve substantial disaster risk reduction, and significantly decrease the losses of life, livelihoods, and assets – economic, physical, social, cultural, and environmental – by maximizing the ability to cope with disasters at all levels of administration as well as among communities” Also Read - Government Will Decide On Revised Minimum Age Of Marriage For Daughters Soon: PM Modi
As per the national plan, the government aims to integrate the national and state agencies to better deal with natural disasters. It spells out a greater role for the local bodies including Panchayats and Urban Local Body level.
It can be implemented at various levels of the disaster and stress on the appropriate action from early warning to quick recovery, the press release states. The government agencies will be provided a check while responding to disaster which identifies major activities such as information dissemination, search and rescue, etc.
The national plan also emphasizes the importance of communication, information and education which will assist the government agencies to reduce the losses in case of a natural disaster.