New Delhi, September 5: On Teacher’s Day 2017, India.com brings to you the list of five prominent faces in Indian politics who have been professors at some point of time. While some of these featuring in the list, held the position before they took up the roles of politicians, others continued to be in academics, even after being a politician. From holding positions as high as Prime Minister to being President of their respective parties, these professors-politicians are known for excellence in both the fields.
It is on the birth anniversary of Dr S Radhakrishnan, India’s first Vice President, and a distinguished scholar, that the country observes September 5 as Teacher’s Day. While there are innumerable names across Indian politics that can feature in this list, here are some prominent ones from the current political scenario.
Dr. Manmohan Singh
Although dubbed as a silent Prime Minister of India under the Indian National Congress (INC), Dr. Singh has been a true gem, when it comes to being an academician and economist. He has been a professor in his early career.
He began his academic career as a Professor (Senior lecturer) of Economics from 1957-59 and Reader of Economics from 1959-1963. He was also a Professor of Economics at the Panjab University, Chandigarh, from 1963-65.
A Doctorate in Philosophy (D.Phil), Dr Singh returned to India in 1969 to become an academician. In 1966 he went to work for the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Following this three-year pivotal tenure in the United Nations, he came back and became a Professor of International Trade at the Delhi School of Economics under the University of Delhi from 1969-1971.
In 1976, he was also an Honorary professor at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, in 1996 in the Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi.
Formerly Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) and now Swaraj India leader, Yogendra Yadav is a Senior Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), Delhi since 2004. He is the Founder Convenor (1995- 2002) of the Lokniti network and the founder Director (1997-2003) of Lokniti, a research programme on comparative democracy of the CSDS.
Yadav was educated in Sriganganar where he did his BA from Rajasthan University. He completed his Masters degree from Jawaharlal Nehru University in Delhi and moved on to receive the M.Phil degree from Panjab University in Chandigarh.
He was a professor of Political science at Punjab University, Chandigarh from 1985 to 1993. With extreme focus on rural development, he is also recipient of the Malcolm Adiseshiah Award for Development Studies in 2008 and Global South Solidarity Award by the International Political Science Association in recognition of outstanding work on the politics of the developing world in 2009.
Mulayam Singh Yadav
In 2017, he might be known as the disgruntled leader of the Samajwadi Party, continuously in a battle of power with his own family members and within his party, but what many of us are unaware of the fact that Mulayam Singh Yadav was once a lecturer in Karhail in Uttar Pradesh. He is also reportedly a trained teacher.
He obtained his Bachelors degree in Political Science from K.K. College in Etawah, a B.T. degree in Political Science at A.K. College in Shikohabad and an M.A. degree in Political Science B.R. College under the Agra University.
Known for his controversial remarks and stand on issues, Member of Parliament of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Subramanian Swamy has been a noted academician in several reputed institutions. After obtaining his PhD in Economics from Harvard in 1965, he joined the faculty of economics at Harvard as an assistant professor. In 1969, he was made an associate professor.
Swamy moved to the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi and became a full Professor of Mathematical Economics from 1969 to 1991. Although, he was removed from the position by its board of governors in the early 1970s later in the 1990s, he was legally reinstated by the Supreme Court of India. He continued in the position until 1991 when he resigned to become a cabinet minister.
Swamy served on the Board of Governors of the IIT, Delhi (1977–80) and on the Council of IITs (1980–82). He also taught economics courses in summer session at Harvard until 2011.
Murli Manohar Joshi
A holder of B.Sc. degree from Meerut College, M.Sc and Ph.D from Allahabad University, former BJP President and Minister of Human Resource Development Murli Manohar Joshi was a professor of physics at Allahabad University. He was the General Secretary of the University Teacher`s Association of Allahabad from 1971 to 73 and President of the University Teachers Assocation, Allahabad from 1987 to 1990.
Joshi, in the academic field, is best known for the research paper in Physics which he published in Hindi, a first of its kind.
The list of academicians in Indian politics is endless. From Zakir Hussain to Tathagata Roy, the Indian political scenario is one with several teachers.