New Delhi, August 5: The nation will get its 13th Vice President on Saturday after a contest between National Democratic Alliance nominee M Venkaiah Naidu and Opposition candidate Gopalkrishna Gandhi. The voting and counting of votes will take place today. The election is believe to be a cakewalk for Naidu given the strength of Bharatiya Janata Party and its allies in Parliament.
The effective strength of the electoral college, comprising of 790 members, was depreciated due to two vacancies in Lok Sabha and one in Rajya Sabha. Out of the 787 eligible voters, 407 are affiliated to the NDA – 334 MPs in the Lower House and 81 in the Upper House.
On the other hand, former West Bengal governor Gopalkrishna Gandhi is being backed by 18 opposition parties including Janata Dal United.
Currently, the second highest post in the country is being held by Dr Hamid Ansari, who is set to vacate his post on August 10. The 79-year-old former diplomat was elected in 2007, during the UPA rule, and is serving his second term as the Vice President.
Here is a list of the former Vice Presidents of India:
Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishna: He was the first Vice President and assumed office from 1952 to 1962. He was also elected as the President thereafter. He has held various positions during his lifetime and received Bharat Ratna in 1954.
Dr Zakir Hussain: He assumed office from 1962 to 1967 and then became the President in 1967. He was the Vice Chancellor of Jamia Milia Islamia and Aligarh University. He was also a recipient of Padma Vibhushan and Bharat Ratna.
VV Giri: He took the second highest office of the country from 1967 to 1969 then became the President from 1969 to 1974. He had been the Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, and Mysore. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1975.
Gopal Swarup Pathak: He was elected as the Vice President from 1969 to 1974. He was also the Vice Chancellor of Mysore University, Bangalore University and Karnataka University.
BD Jatti: He was the Vice-President from 1974 to 1979. He was also the acting President from February 12, 1977 to July 24, 1977. He held many important political portfolios during his lifetime.
M Hidayatullah: He assumed the office of Vice President from 1979 to 1984. He was the acting President July 20 1969 to August 23, 1969 and from October 6, 1982 to October 31, 1982. He was the recipient of Order of the British Empire, Order of Yugoslav Flag with Sash, I Medallion and Plaque of Merit Philconsa, Manila, and Knight of Mark Twain.
R Venkataraman: He was Vice-President from 1984 to 1987. He became the President from 1987 to 1992. He held many important portfolios including that of Minister of Finance and Defence.
Shanker Dayal Sharma: He took the second highest of the country from 1987 to 1992. He then became President from 1992 to 1997. He was also the Governor of Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Maharashtra. He has authored many books as well.
KR Narayanan: He was the Vice-President from 1992 to 1997. He was also the President from 1997 to 2002. He had been India’s Ambassador to the US, Turkey, China. He also held the position of Union Minister of Planning and External Affairs.
Krishan Kant: He assumed the office from 1997 to 2002. He was the Governor of Andhra Pradesh and was given additional charge of Tamil Nadu. He had remained the Vice Chancellor of Delhi University and Panjab University.
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat: He was the Vice President from 2002 to 2007. He had been the chief minister of Rajasthan for three times.