New Delhi: Tropical countries like India are prone to variations in weather patterns especially with changes in the global temperature. This year, states across India have borne the brunt of natural calamities in terms of loss of lives and properties.Also Read - Bihar Floods: State Forms 4-member Committee to Probe Lapses

From heat waves and droughts to heavy downpour, floods and cyclones, the country has faced the severity of weather patterns this year. Nevertheless, each and every spell of the natural calamity has also taught the people some valuable lessons in terms of adopting precautionary measures as response to the sudden changes in the environmental. Also Read - Amitabh Bachchan Donates Rs 51 Lakh For Bihar Flood Relief on His Birthday

Here are some of the top natural calamities that ravaged India in the year 2019: Also Read - Severe Heatwave in Bihar Leaves 137 Dead, Aurangabad Tops List With 60 Casualties

Cyclone Fani:

In May 2019, cyclone Fani hit as many as 1.48 crore people in Odisha. “1.48 crore people have been affected in 155 blocks. Almost 5.8 lakh houses have been damaged,” stated the Odisha State Disaster Management Authority Spokesperson Sangram Mohapatra, as quoted by news agency ANI.

Meanwhile, the latest reports stated that the cyclone had uprooted 1.56 lakh new electric poles in the state. Thereafter, the state government had launched relief work in Bhubaneswar and directed the authorities concerned to begin relief distribution in the affected districts as well. Cyclone Fani had hit the water supply, power supply, filling stations, banking service and health services and brought life to a standstill in the coastal region of the state.

Kerala Floods:

In August 2019, over 1,000 people were marooned in Meppadi in Kerala’s Wayanad district. The floods ravaged the settlements in Puthumala village of Meppadi district. It must be noted that most of the people who lived there were tea estate workers. Thereafter, nearly 10,000 people were sent to various relief camps in Wayanad alone. On August 9, the Kerala State Disaster Management Authority stated that 22,165 people have been evacuated to safety and lodged in 315 camps across the state.

Except for the districts of Thiruvananthapuram and the neighbouring Kollam, the dowpour had affected the rest of the 12 districts in Kerala. The traffic on the Kannur-Kozhikode national highway and Kottayam-Kumili route was also badly hit due to the rainfall. According to a report, 58 people were killed in Malappuram district, 17 in Kozhikode and 12 in Wayanad due to rain-related accidents.

Monsoon fury in Karnataka:

In August, the rain fury had claimed the lives of nine people while nearly 43,000 people were evacuated from the flood-hit and rain-affected areas of Karnataka, stated authorities. The worst-hit district in the state was Belagavi, where six persons had lost their lives, while 40,180 people were evacuated.

Meanwhile, nearly 17,000 people were taken to relief camp shelters. Chief Minister BS Yediyurappa camped in Belagavi while supervising the relief and rescue operations. He visited the rain-affected Shivajinagar and Gandhinagar areas of Belagavi. As per the latest reports, two persons were killed in rain-related incidents in Uttara Kannada district, from where 3,088 people were evacuated, and one died in Shivamogga.

Bihar Floods:

In July 2019, Bihar witnessed a grim flood situation with affecting over 88.4 lakh people from 13 districts. By the end of the month, the death toll increased to around 130, stated a report.

The Disaster Management Department had then warned that the five rivers of Bihar were flowing above the danger level due to rains in the catchment areas bordering Nepal. Taking stock of the situation, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar conducted an aerial survey of the flood-affected areas.

Speaking to news agency ANI, senior Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) leader Tejashwi Yadav had voiced concern on the ravaging effects of floods in Bihar, and asked the Centre to disburse Rs 10,000 crore for relief and rehabilitation work.

Bihar Heatwave:

In June 2019, Bihar was reeling under a severe heatwave with a death toll of 137. Of this, Aurangabad reported 60 deaths, Gaya 41, Nalanda 13, Nawada 12, Munger 5, Kaimoor and Vaishali 2 each and Aara and Samastipur 1 each on June 16, stated a report.

Taking stock of the continuing heatwave, the state government had announced holidays for schools, colleges and educational institutes across the state till June 22. Besides, markets were asked to remain shut between 11 AM and 5 PM in three south Bihar districts namely Gaya, Aurangabad and Nawada. There were restrictions in construction activities as well, including work under MNREGA scheme, from 10 AM till evening.

In the wake of the rising death toll due to the heatwave condition, the state government had issued a warning. Besides, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar had announced a compensation of four lakh to the kin of victims.