Beijing,December 27 : In what could be a springing surprise in the new year, China has officially decided on ending its one child policy starting January 1 of the New Year.  Signing the new law bill which allows all married couples to have a second child, China reserves the attempt to cope with an ageing population and  a workforce which is shrinking. Also Read - 'There May Never be a Silver Bullet For COVID-19': WHO

The matter was first discussed in October by the ruling Communist Party and would only come into effect from  1 January,the chinese state news agency Xinhua has reported. All married couples will be allowed to have a second child. The legislation though has maintained limits on any additional births henceforth. Also Read - Raksha Bandhan 2020: China Suffers Massive Loss of Rs 4,000 Crore This Year; Here's Why

The “one child policy”, instituted in the late 1970s, restricted most couples to only a single offspring and for years authorities argued that it was a key contributor to China’s economic boom and had prevented 400 million births.(ALSO READ : Chinese legislators hail ‘one couple, two children’ policy). Also Read - 'Disengage Troops From Pangong Tso': India Tells China in 5th Corps Commander Meet

This policy had been in the past enforced by a dedicated national commission with a system of fining violators and even forced abortions, leading to many sorrows for the parents of the child.

The policy had it own disadvantageous effects which also led to sex selective abortions and infanticides targeting girls. Rural families were already allowed two children if the first was a girl. ethnic  minorities were allowed a slight leeway of  an extra offspring,with some touting it as “one-and-a-half child” policy.

As a result China’s population which also happens to be the world’s largest at 1.37 billion  is now ageing pretty quickly. Gender imbalances are also reported to be severe,with the workforce also been shrinking.Earlier in 2013, there were limited number of reforms,including allowing couples to have two children if either of them had only one child.

Experts though believe that shifting back to a two child policy is little too late to address China’s population crisis and it is highly unlikely that the government is unlikely to dismantle procedures for reproductive control due to years of bureaucratic control over the issue.