Detected Only In Horses And Dogs, China Reports First Human Case Of H3N8 Bird Flu; 4-Year-Old Among Infected
H3N8 is known to have been circulating since 2002 after first emerging in North American waterfowl. It is known to infect horses, dogs and seals, but has not previously been detected in humans.
Beijing: China has recorded the first human infection with the H3N8 strain of bird flu, the country’s health authority said, adding that the risk of it spreading among people was low. H3N8 is known to have been circulating since 2002 after first emerging in North American waterfowl. It is known to infect horses, dogs and seals, but has not previously been detected in humans.
China’s National Health Commission said a four-year-old boy from central Henan province was found to have been infected with the variant after developing a fever and other symptoms on April 5. The boy’s family raised chickens at home and lived in an area populated by wild ducks, the NHC said in a statement.
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The boy was infected directly by birds and the strain was not found to have “the ability to effectively infect humans”, the commission said. It added that tests of the boy’s close human contacts found “no abnormalities”.
The NHC said the boy’s case was a “one-off cross-species transmission, and the risk of large-scale transmission is low”. It warned the public to nevertheless stay away from dead or sick birds and seek immediate treatment for fever or respiratory symptoms.
Avian influenza occurs mainly in wild birds and poultry. Cases of transmission between humans are extremely rare.
H5N1 and H7N9 strains
The H5N1 and H7N9 strains of bird flu, detected in 1997 and 2013, respectively, have been responsible for most cases of human illness from avian influenza, according to the US Centers for Disease Control.
Human infections of zoonotic, or animal-borne, influenzas are “primarily acquired through direct contact with infected animals or contaminated environments, but do not result in efficient transmission of these viruses between people”, according to the World Health Organisation.
In 2012, H3N8 was blamed for the deaths of more than 160 seals off the northeastern coast of the United States after it caused deadly pneumonia in the animals.
(With agencies inputs)
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