New Delhi, Oct 6: The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) has been conferred with the Nobel Peace Prize 2017. The Norwegian Nobel Committee which awards the honour seems to have selected ICAN keeping in consideration the current simmering tension between the US and North Korea, which has been constantly threatening to use nuclear power. Also Read - International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons Receives 2017 Nobel Peace Prize
A statement issued by the Nobel Peace Committee said that ICAN has been awarded Peace Prize for “its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons”. Also Read - Pope seeks to defuse Korea tension, push nuclear disarmament
WHAT IS ICAN AND WHAT IT DOES?
ICAN is a coalition of non-governmental organisations from around 100 different countries around the globe. Also Read - Richard H Thaler Wins Nobel Prize 2017 in Economic Science
The coalition has been a driving force in prevailing upon the world’s nations to pledge to cooperate with all relevant stakeholders in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit and eliminate nuclear weapons, the statement said.
To date, 108 states have made such a commitment, known as the Humanitarian Pledge.
ICAN has been the leading civil society actor in the endeavour to achieve a prohibition of nuclear weapons under international law.
On 7 July 2017, 122 of the UN member states acceded to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.
As soon as the treaty has been ratified by 50 states, the ban on nuclear weapons will enter into force and will be binding under international law for all the countries that are party to the treaty.
“ICAN works vigorously to achieve nuclear disarmament. ICAN and a majority of UN member states have contributed to fraternity between nations by supporting the Humanitarian Pledge. And through its inspiring and innovative support for the UN negotiations on a treaty banning nuclear weapons, ICAN has played a major part in bringing about what in our day and age is equivalent to an international peace congress,” the statement added