The Hague: The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on Wednesday awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 with one half to Frances H. Arnold and the other half jointly to George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter. The three scientists won the prize for their work in harnessing evolution to produce new enzymes and antibodies, the Guardian reported.
On Tuesday, the Academy awarded 2018 Nobel Prize for Physics to Arthur Ashkin and the other half jointly to Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland “for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics”. Further, Strickland is the third female to bag this huge honour in the field of Physics.
“French physicist Gérard Mourou and Canadian physicist Donna Strickland share the other half of the prize for their work on developing very, very short and very intense laser pulses,” the Guardian reported. Arthur Ashkin, an American physicist who was awarded the first half of the prize for inventing optical tweezers, told the newspaper, “It’s all about the light.”
It must be noted that the Nobel Prize is awarded annually to people who have made great discoveries in various fields such as Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Economics, and the promotion of peace. The prize was first awarded in 1901. The prize is given out by members of Swedish learned societies, as Google puts it. In the case of the Nobel prize which is given for peace, the Norwegian Parliament decides it.