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Last updated on - July 19, 2021, 7:24 PM IST
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous or benign tumours that develops in or on the uterus of women of childbearing age. It is estimated that women aged between 30 to 50 years can get fibroids.
Many women have fibroids with no symptoms, others can experience painful menstruation or heavy bleeding during periods or both, according to a report in IANS. Uterine fibroids can be as small as the seed of an apple or as big as a grape. A grape-sized fibroid may cause pelvic pressure, making the woman look pregnant due to abdominal growth.
Few risk factors that may impact the chances of developing these muscle-and-tissue growths. Obesity, Family history of fibroids, getting period at a young age, late menopause.
Heavy menstrual bleeding, Anaemia due to blood loss that may cause insomnia, fatigue, hair loss, and palpitations, Bleeding between periods, painful intercourse, Increased urination, Pain in pelvis or lower back, Swelling or enlargement of the abdomen, constipation, Leg pain.
Uterine fibroids can be treated through medication or surgeries. Medications may include Birth control pills, oral hormonal medications, Hormonal injections, Iron supplements.
Hormonal intrauterine device (IUD), Hysterectomy (removal of uterus), Myomectomy (removal of fibroids), minimally invasive procedures such as uterine artery embolization, radiofrequency ablation, and laparoscopic myomectomy.
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