The Jharkhand Legislative Assembly or the Jharkhand Vidhan Sabha is located in Ranchi, which is the capital of the state. It comprises of 81 Members of Legislative Assembly, who are directly elected from single-seat constituencies for a term of five years. The Jharkhand Legislative Assembly is unicameral in nature.
Jharkhand was carved out of the relatively underdeveloped southern part of Bihar, and according to the 1991 census, the state had a population of over 20 million out of which 28 per cent are tribal while 12 per cent of the people belong to scheduled castes. At present, Jharkhand has 5 divisions, 24 districts, 260 blocks, and 32,620 villages and it has been at the centre of the Naxalite-Maoist insurgency. The first assembly of Jharkhand was constituted on the basis of the Bihar state legislative assembly elections held in February 2000.
The current Speaker of the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly is BJP leader Dinesh Oraon. Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghubar Das of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is the Leader of the House after his party bagged 43 seats in the 2014 Assembly elections, and Hemant Soren of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha is Leader of the Opposition in the House.
END OF TERM:
The term of the current Legislative Assembly expires on January 5, 2020 and parties are gearing up for the election which will be held in five-phases from November 30 to December 20, 2019 with the counting of votes scheduled to take place on December 23, 2019.
The last date for candidates to file their nomination papers was November 13, 2019, and their papers were scrutinised on November 14, 2019. Candidates who wanted to withdraw from the race were able to do so till November 16, 2019.