Mayawati Prabhu Das commonly fondly known as Mayawati is an Indian politician heading the Bahujan Samaj Party. Being the member of the party since its inception in 1984, she later became the party president in 2001. She has served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh four times (briefly in 1995, 1997, 2002-2003 and 2007-2012). Mayawati has been the youngest woman Chief Minister and the first ever female Dalit member to become Chief Minister of any state. After losing in the 2012 legislative assembly elections to Samajwadi Party, she resigned from her post as a party leader on March 2012, and later that month she was elected to a seat in Rajya Sabha through acclamation. As the leader of the party, she has also been lauded for mobilizing funds for her party.Born on 15th January 1956 in Delhis Shrimati Sucheta Kriplani hospital, Mayawati has 6 brothers. Her father Prabhu Das was a postal employee at Badalpur in Gautam Buddha Nagar in 1975, her mothers name is Ram Rati. In her family, the sons were sent to private schools whereas daughters went to low-performing government schools. Mayawati completed her B.A. in 1975 from Kalindi Womens College under the Delhi University. After the completion of B.A., she earned a B.Ed. from VMLG College, Ghaziabad in 1976. Thereafter in 1983, she did her LLB from Delhi University. After completing her B.Ed. course in 1976, she started teaching students in Inderpuri JJ Colony, Delhi and was also preparing for the IAS exams. Sometime in 1977, a well kown Dalit politician Kanshi Ram visited her family home and was highly impressed by Mayawatis speaking style and motivated her to join politics. According to biographer Ajay Bose, Kanshi Ram told her that I can make you such a big leader one day that not one but a whole row of IAS officers will line up for your orders. In 1984, Kanshi Ram founded the Bahujan Samaj Party and the party focused as a platform to bring social change and to improve the welfare of the weakest of the Indian society consisting of the Bahujans or Dalits, Other Backward casses and religious minorities. Kanshi Ram included Mayawati as the member of the party marking her first step in Indian politics. She was first elected as a Member of Parliament in 1989 representing Bijnor, Uttar Pradesh in the 9th Lok Sabha elections. In 1994, she became a member of Rajya Sabha for the first time. Kanshi Ram remained the president of BSP until 2001 however, due to his deteriorating health in the 1990s, the partys leadership shifted in the hands of Mayawati, a former school teacher. In 1993, Mayawati made a coalition with Samajwadi Party in the assembly elections and helped Mulayam Singh Yadav in becoming the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. However on 2nd June 1995, Mayawati withdrew her support from the government after accusing Mulayam Singh Yadav for sending goons at her place, keeping her party legislators hostage at the Lucknow guest house as well as trying to break her party. She also accused Mulayam Singh Yadav that he shouted castes abuse at her. After withdrawing support from Samajwadi Party Mayawati sought her support to Bharatiya Janata Party and became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh on 3rd June 1995. She created history by becoming the first ever Dalit women in India to serve as the Chief Minister in Uttar Pradesh. On October 1995, the BJP withdrew support to her and fresh elections were called after Presidents rule. She won to the Lok Sabha elections in 1996 from two different constituencies and chose to serve Harora. After that from 1996 to 1998, she also served as MLA in the U.P state Assembly. On 21st March 1997, she again became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh marking her second term as the Chief Minister and retained the post till 20th September 1997. In the 12th Lok Sabha elections of 1998, she was elected as member representing Akbarpur constituency. In 1999, she became a member of the 13th Lok Sabha. Despite Mayawati leading the party, Kanshi Ram remained the partys president until 2001. Being a diabetic and a host of other serious ailments, he wasnt able to lead an active political life. On December 15, 2001, Kanshi Ram in a rally in Lucknow declared Mayawati the then Vice-President of the party as his political successor. On February she was re elected for the Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly. On March 2002, she resigned from the Akbarpur Lok Sabha seat and on 3rd May 2003, she became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time and remained on this post till 26th August 2002. Following the ill health of Kanshi Ram, she became the National President of BSP on 18th September 2003. In May 2004, she was re elected from Akbarpur for the 14th Lok Sabha. In July 2004, she resigned from Lok Sabha and became the member of Rajya Sabha for the second time. On 27th August, she was elected as the National President of BSP for the second time. Kanshi Ram died on October 2006 due to a severe heart attack. Mayawati performed the last rites of Kanshi Ram which is traditionally performed by the male heirs of the family in Hindu tradition. In the 2007 Uttar Pradesh elections, BSP won the majority and she became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for the fourth time and retained the post of the Chief Minister till March 2012. In the 2007 elections, Mayawati had the slogan to convert Uttar Pradesh to Uttam Pradesh. The governance of the Mayawati government in Uttar Pradesh was very well praised and the government began a major crackdown on the irregularities made by the police department during the Mulayam Singh government. In this process, over 18,000 policemen lost their jobs for irregularities in their hiring and 25 IPS officers were suspended for their involvement in corruption. She also introduced transparency into the recruiting process, including posting the results of selection exams online. In 2008, Mayawati launched Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji Shahri Garib Awas Yojna a scheme to build low cost houses for urban poor and completed two rounds of construction till 2012 when her tenure of Chief Minister ended. The BSP government is also praised for maintenance of law and order in Uttar Pradesh and for their significant contributions in the field of infrastructure and medical facilities in the rural and urban areasMayawati is widely regarded as a self made woman and she began her political career with hardwork and her own struggle. Mayawati is unmarried and has dedicated her life to serve the weaker sections of the society. Mayawati is criticized for wasting the tax payers money by building several statues of icons of Buddhism, Hinduism and Dalits including herself during her tenure as the Chief Minister. The CBI in 2002 raided her house suspecting financial irregularities related to Taj Heritage Corridor, however in June 2007, the then Governor T.V. Rajeshwar declared that there is no evidence of her involvement. . On 9th August 2009, Mayawati declared that she has chosen her successor from the Dalit community who is 18-20 years junior to her and she has pinned down the name in a sealed packet in a safe custody. The name of the successor will be declared after her death.