Shiv Sena is an Indian political party with its base in Maharashtra. It was founded by political cartoonist Bal Thackeray on June 19, 1966 after a movement to highlight the injustice that was suffered by the Marathi people, who are the locals of the region, as compared to those who migrated to the city. Thackeray had started a political weekly called Marmik with cartoons and sketches which spoke in detail of the grave injustice towards the people. After seeing the tremendous support it got, he decided to establish Shiv Sena.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj became the idol for the vision of Shiv Sena, which was also devoted to Goddess Bhawani Mata. Thackeray decided that her vahan (vehicle), which was the tiger, would become the party symbol. The party held its first rally on October 30, 1966 at Shivtirth and it was received well by the people of Mumbai and Maharashtra.
In the 1970s, Shiv Sena moved from advocating a pro-Marathi ideology to one supporting a broader Hindu nationalist agenda after it aligned itself with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The party had started taking part in Mumbai (BMC) Municipal elections since its inception.
1989 TO 2019:
Shiv Sena entered into an alliance with the BJP in 1989 for the Lok Sabha as well as the Maharashtra Assembly elections. The alliance broke temporarily in October 2014 during the Maharashtra Assembly elections but was reformed and it became part of the BJP government in Maharashtra in December 2014. It has been a coalition partner in the National Democratic Alliance from 1998-2019.
The Shiv Sena and the BJP have always been at odds with one another over seat-sharing in the state, and in 2019 they again came to a disagreement after the Maharashtra Assembly elections. It led to the Shiv Sena moving out of the NDA and joining the United Progressive Alliance.
Shiv Sena is currently headed by Bal Thackeray's son, Uddhav Thackeray, who took over the reins of the party from his father in 2004. He became the leader of the party after the death of Bal Thackeray on November 17, 2012. Uddhav's son Aaditya Thackeray is the president of Yuva Sena, a youth wing of Shiv Sena.
The party, which draws its strength from the support of the Maratha and Kunbi communities of Maharashtra which the Shiv Sena drew away from the Congress party, has been blamed for the 1970 communal violence in Bhiwandi, the 1984 Bhiwandi riot, and violence in the 1992–1993 Bombay riots.
Shiv Sena updates its followers through Facebook - ShivSena/@Shivsena, Twitter - ShivSena/@ShivSena, and Instagram - ShivSena/@shivsena.