Delhi is all set to get its seventh biodiversity park, called the South Biodiversity Park, with the primary aim of removing water hyacinths from the river, thereby improving the water quality in the region. The park’s coming up next to the DND flyover. This marks a new milestone, because it is the first time that a wetland system is set to be built on a river.
The reason why Delhi has pro-actively invested in biodiversity parks especially in the last couple of years is because developing biodiversity parks are essential to the changing dynamics of the Indian city landscape. Rapid urbanisation, high levels of pollution and excessive exploitation of natural resources are depleting the flora and fauna of most rivers in the country today. To restore the lost regional diversity, Delhi is creating a healthy ecosystem by constructing biodiversity parks.
Apart from the upcoming South Biodiversity Park, here are the six more biodiversity parks that are doing a great job of not just sanitising polluted areas, but have turned them into rich forests with revived wildlife, birdlife and flora.
Kamla Nehru Ridge
Also known as Northern Ridge Biodiversity Park, this park is home to native flora such as mahua, haldu, sheesham, bael, other shrubs and grasses. The fauna here includes leopard, Indian rock python, jackal, nilgai, mongoose, porcupine, small Indian civet, gecko, nightjar, and Indian paradise flycatcher.
Yamuna Biodiversity Park
Home to more than 900 species of native plants, the most common ones here are adina, sal, teak and hardwickia. The wetlands attract thousands of migratory birds from Siberia, Central Asia Asia and Europe. There are 200 species of birds, 75 species of butterflies, a huge variety of snakes, and animals such as porcupine, small Indian civet and wild boars are found here.
Aravali Biodiversity Park
As the name suggests, this biodiversity park celebrates flora and fauna native to the Aravali range. The park has over 300 species of native plants, including a large number of arid region lithophytes. Over 185 bird species, reptiles like the Bengal monitor and mammals like northern palm squirrel, nilgai, golden jackal, Indian hare, common palm civet, and Indian grey mongoose, are found in the park.
Tilpath Valley Biodiversity Park
The park is known for its grasslands, hilly terrain and over 105 trees and shrubs species. Native species found here include mahua, haldu, sheesham and bael. The park teems with over 103 bird species, 32 butterflies species, 15 reptiles and amphibians species and eight mammalian species including leopard, Indian rock python, jackal, nilgai, mongoose, porcupine, small Indian civet, gecko, nightjar, and Indian paradise flycatcher.
Tughlakabad Biodiversity Park
Located in the Southern Ridge, behind Tughlakabad Fort, and spread over 200 acres, Tughlakabad Biodiversity Park has played a significant role in conserving the environment of the city.
Neela Hauz Biodiversity Park
With 15,000 native plants, slopes stabilised with grasses such as chrysopogon, heteropogon and cenchrus ciliaris and wetlands restocked with the phytoplankton, zooplankton, free floating and rooted aquatic plants; this park is home to over 70 species of resident and migratory birds.