Most people are aware that Guru Tegh Bahadur was one of the ten Gurus of Sikhism. However, not many may know that he is also credited with being the very first human rights activist in this part of the world. He stood up for rights of Kashmiri pundits and non-Muslims who were forcefully being converted to Islam. As a result of his resistance, he was publicly beheaded in 1675 on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. To mark this sacrifice, November 24 is celebrated annually as Guru Tegh Bahadur martyrdom day. Guru Tegh Bahadur also dedicated his life to spreading the message of Guru Nanak, the first Guru of Sikhism. Apart from writing 115 poetic hymns that find mention in the holy Guru Granth Sahib, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur was also a pacifist and propagated peace wherever he traveled. As a result, several places he visited now have gurudwaras or shrines to honour him. On the eve of Shaheedi divas or Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day 2017, here are 5 gurudwaras assoicated with Sri Guru Tegh Bahadurji that you must visit. Also Read - Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day: Significance And Facts About The Ninth Nanak
Photograph: Wahabdr/Wikimedia Commons
This gurudwara is located in the picturesque state of Assam on the bank of the beautiful Brahmaputra river in Dhubri town. It was built on the spot which was first visited by Guru Nanak in 1505 AD and then by Guru Tegh Bahadur in the 17th century. It is the best place to oay resects to Guru Tegh Bahadur on martyrdom day as over 50,000 people of various religions gather here every year on martyrdom day to honour the great Gurus memory. Also Read - Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day: Interesting Facts about Gurudwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib in Assam
Gurudwara Damdama Sahib, Assam
Gurudwara Damadama Sahib is located adjacent to Gurudwara Tegh Bahadur Sahib. It stands testimony to the peace Guru Tegh Bahadur brought about in this region that was suffering from the ill effects of war between Mughals and Ahoms. Also Read - Ensure women doctors not denied maternity leave: Maneka to Kejriwal
Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib, Delhi
Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Delhi was specifically constructed to commemorate the martyrdom to Sri Guru Tegh Bahadurji. This makes it one of the most historical places to visit in the city and one of the most prominent gurudwaras associated with Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur. Built in 1783, the gurudwara stands on the spot where Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded on November 11, 1675. The trunk of the tree under which the beheading took place has also been preserved.
Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib, Delhi
Located close to Indias Parliament House, Gurudwara Rakab Ganj Sahib marks the cremation site of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur post his martyrdom in 1675. It was built in 1783 by the Sikh military leader Baghel Singh, after he captured Delhi. The gurudwara also holds great emotional and inspiration value because Lakhi Shah Banjara and his son Bhai Naghaiya burnt their own house that was located here, to cremate the body of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur.
So, the next time you take a trip to any of these places, do make sure to visit the gurudwaras dedicated to the memory of the great Guru Tegh Bahadur, who laid down his life for human rights.