One of the most famous of India’s numerous wildlife preserves, Bandhavgarh National Park is said to have the highest density of Bengal tigers. It’s name literally translates to Fort of the Brother, as a reference to the story that Rama, the mythological king of Ayodhya, gave the hillock to his brother Lakshmana. The brother was tasked to look over the kingdom of Lanka, where Rama and his army fought a war against the evil king Lanka to free his wife, Sita. But Bandhavgarh today is significant for its flora and fauna, showcased in the photos below. ALSO READ: Top 5 national parks in Madhya Pradesh every wildlife lover must visit

A safari jeep on a trail through the forest in Bandhavgarh National Park

A safari jeep on a trail through forest in Bandhavgarh National Park in Madhya Pradesh. The park is a popular tourist destination with opportunities to spot tigers.

A male cub of the tigress Rajbhera crosses a pool in Bandhavgarh

Male cub of Rajbhera Tigress, Bandhavgarh National Park

A tigress and her cubs bask in a sunny day on a forest glade

Tigress and cubs. In a sunny day the tigress lies on a forest glade. India . Bandhavgarh National Park

Chital or cheetal deer, also known as spotted deer or axis deer in the park

Chital or cheetal deer (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer or axis deer in the Bandhavgarh National Park in India. Bandhavgarh is located in Madhya Pradesh

A closeup of two cheetal deer fighting in Bandhavgarh

Vanishing Indian wildlife two Chital or cheetal deers (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer or axis deer fighting in the Bandhavgarh National Park in India

Bandhavgarh Hill, from which the region gets its name; the fort lies atop the hill

Bandhavgarh Hill in Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh

An Indian roller spotted in Bandhavgarh

Indian roller in in the Bandhavgarh National Park in India. Bandhavgarh is located in Madhya Pradesh

And here’s an Indian vulture in Bandhavgarh; the park is a paradise for bird watchers

Indian vulture in Bandhavgarh National Park

A closeup of a butterfly at the park; notice the beautiful yet deceptive camouflage on its wings

Close up of a butterfly, Bandhavgarh National Park

Shesh-Saiya, an ancient sculpture of the god Vishnu in the core zone of Tala

Shesh-Saiya Great vishnu sculpture in the core zone of Tala from Bandhavgarh National Park

The history of the region dates back to the 1st century, and you can even find caves with manmade paintings and inscriptions that highlight the importance of Bandhavgarh. With the world’s highest tiger density, it is also one of the best places to spot the elusive and endangered big cat. NOW READ: Madhya Pradesh Tourism: Best Winter Holiday Destinations in MP for 2017

At the top of the Bandhavgarh hillock is a namesake fort that has its own rich history. The fort’s origins are not known, but it is around 2,000 years old and is said to have been built during the era of the Gond Empire. It was under the state of Rewa until falling to the Mughals in 1597. Today, you can spot tigers, deer, falcons, Malabar pied hornbill, vultures and other species throughout the tour of the fort.