Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985, Petra is a city that was literally carved out of the desert. The ancient Nabataean city lies in the south of Jordan, its grand ruins standing tall despite the ravages of time. This was once the magnificent Nabataean capital, starting from around 6th century BCE. When the Roman Empire took over in 106 AD, it continued to expand the city. Petra flourished for centuries as a center of political power and trade, until a massive earthquake crippled it around 663 AD. Petra was eventually abandoned as Saladin, the first sultan of Syria and Egypt and founder of the Ayyubid dynasty, conquered the Middle East in 1189. ALSO READ: Photos of Rameswaram and Pamban, a Hauntingly Beautiful Island and Underrated Destination Also Read - Michael B Jordan opted for therapy after playing villain in Black Panther

The temple-mausoleum of Al Khazneh in the ancient city of Petra in Jordan

The temple-mausoleum of Al Khazneh in the ancient city of Petra in Jordan Also Read - Iraq and Jordan launch oil, trade deals



Camels lying in front of El-Khazneh

Camels lying in front of El-Khazneh in the ancient city of Petra. Jordan Also Read - Mamata calls for interfaith harmony to promote unity

The natural landscape of Petra, Jordan

Nature of Petra, Jordan. Petra is one the New Seven Wonders of the World



Arabic coffee jug and cookies served in a typical Bedouin tent in Petra

Arabic coffee jug and cookies served in Bedouin tent in the middle east

Camping tents along the rocks in Petra, Wadi Rum

Camping along the rocks in Petra, Wadi Rum. Jordan

Ruins of a Roman temple in the Nabatean city of Petra

Roman temple in Nabatean Petra Jordan

Another view of the ancient abandoned rock city

Ancient abandoned rock city of Petra in Jordan tourist attraction

The view of the city at night near Petra in Jordan

City View near Petra in Jordan

Experience Petra by night; walk from the Siq to the Treasury to see the rock city illuminated by more than 1,500 candles

Experience Petra by night by walking the entire Siq to the Treasury to see part of the rock city by candlelight with over 1,500 candles, Petra, Jordan

Sights when hiking through Petra’s canyon and mountains

Hiking through Petra's Canyon and Mountains

Aerial view of a Roman theater cut into the hillside in ancient Petra

Aerial view of the theatre, cut into the hillside, in the ancient Petra, Jordan

Tourist carriages near the entrance to a famous Petra site

Tourist transport (carriage) near entrance to famous Petra site. Petra, Jordan

View from The Garden Hall, dated 200 BC-200 AD in Petra, Jordan

View from The Garden Hall, dated from 200BC-200AD, Petra, Jordan

The famous view from the Siq of the entrance of Petra

View from Siq on entrance of City of Petra, Jordan

The ruins of Petra would remain hidden until 1812, when Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt infiltrated the city, occupied by the nomadic Bedouins, in the disguise of an Arab scholar. Scottish artist David Roberts would immortalize the city in his detailed illustrations in 1839. Since the early 20th century, Petra has grown as a tourist attraction, becoming one of the New Seven Wonders of the World back in 2007. Even today, despite the conflicts present in the Middle East, Petra attracts many visitors smitten by the magnificence of its ruins.