Reeling under the threat of global warming, Ghoramara Island in the Sundarbans delta on the Bay of Bengal, has almost halved in size. It’s on the verge of vanishing due to rising sea levels and soil erosion induced by adverse climate change. Inhabitants have been losing their homes and livelihoods owing to flooding that only seems to worsen year after year. Relocating for them is not even an option because they simply can’t afford it. The population of the island which was estimated to be 7000 a decade ago has today shrunk to almost 4,800.
Sundarbans – world’s largest mangrove forest, is home to endangered tigers, dolphins, and innumerable species of birds. But this biodiversity is now in danger too with the area submerging under water. The size of Ghoramara is 1.8 square miles as of today; half the area it had 20 years ago.
While some hope that the government will soon give rehabilitation, others anticipate a tsunami or a big cyclone in the offing. The whole world is reeling under this threat because increased melting in Greenland and Antarctica has lead to the acceleration of global sea level rise, especially in the past few decades.
While many countries with major coastal cities have already started contributing towards reducing global warming; individuals should now take responsibility to save the planet. The climate’s worst enemy carbon dioxide has wreaked havoc on islands like Ghoramara. The gas is released when oil, coal, and other fossil fuels are burned for energy, that we in turn use to power our homes, cars, and smartphones. By using less of it, we can do our bit in causing the environment less harm. Ghoramara is just 150 km south of Kolkata.