Mormugao Fort is an ancient but well-preserved fortification and a symbol of the Portuguese rule over Goa. Covering a circumference of around 10 km, the fort lies around 33 km from the Panjim Kadamba Bus Stand, and just 4 km from Vasco Da Gama Railway Station. It is located south of the Mormugao port in South Goa. The fort was built in 1624 to protect the port and its waters. As such, it was one of the toughest fortifications of the Portuguese, jutting out into the sea to give a commanding view of the hostile waters beyond the harbor. Over the course of its life, the fort would be attacked several times by the Marathas, until the Portuguese decided to focus its colonization efforts on Old Goa. ALSO READ: 7 spectacularly beautiful forts of Goa!
Mormugao was one of the most important Goan coastal forts. Located near scenic Varca Beach, the fort boasts of five prisons, three magazines, a chapel and 20 bulwarks, along with soldier quarters. It also had two fountains: the Fonte de Malabar and Fonte de Santo Ignacio. Today, the fountains are gone but you can still see the chapel and some of the boundary wall. The fort gates have inscriptions that immediately capture your attention when you arrive. These inscriptions include the name of King Dom Philip and Viceroy Dom Francisco Da Gama, under whom the fort was built. It brings in plenty of tourists in peak seasons, thanks in part to its history and the fact that it is well-preserved. You can still find the bastions and bulwarks of the fort standing to this day. CHECK OUT: Goa images like you’ve never seen before
It is said that the Viceroy of Goa shifted to the a house within the fort in 1703. However, the Portuguese later decided to move back to Old Goa. The Marathas would conquer the fort in the 17th century and hold it until it was ceded to the Portuguese. The fort is best seen during the summer months and in daylight to navigate the uneven terrain. You will also be able to see traditional Goan fishing boats lined up along the shore of Varca Beach from the fort in the summer.
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