New Delhi, Aug 14: With the government issuing advisory and notices on not to use national flags made of plastic and adhere to the flag code, let us take a look at the importance of Indian national flag and how it evolved over a period of time. A day ahead of the Independence Day here’s looking at the tricolour and its existence. Also Read - Will Hold Tricolour And J-K Flag Together, Says PDP Chief Mehbooba Mufti
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The Indian National flag which consists mainly of three colours- that is- saffron, white and green with a navy blue chakra or wheel in the middle of the white band, was adopted during the meeting of Constituent Assembly held on July 22, 1947. It was discovered or recognised during our national struggle for freedom. However, the flag which exists today has undergone a sea of change over the last five decades. Let us take a look at how the Indian National Flag has evolved with time. Also Read - 16-Year-Old UP Girl Ends Life, Leaves 18-Page Suicide Note Addressed to PM Modi, Read What She Wrote
Evolution of the Tricolour or the Indian National Flag:
- Our first national flag was hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Kolkata. The flag was composed of three horizontal strips of red, yellow and green.
- The second flag was hoisted in the year 1907 in Paris by Madame Cama. It bore a similar look to that of the national flag which was hoisted in 1906. The flag which was exhibited at a socialist conference in Berlin bore Saptarishis and a lotus.
- The third flag came into existence in 1917 and it was hoisted by Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak during the Home rule movement.
- This flag was hoisted during the session of the All India Congress Committee at Bezwada in 1921. It showcased a unity among Hindus, Muslims and other communities while the spinning wheel represented growth.
- This flag came in 1931 after a resolution was passed adopting the tricolour flag as our national flag.
- The tricolour which we hoist today came into existence on July 22, 1947. The Constituent Assembly adopted it as the free India National Flag. The spinning wheel was replaced by the Ashoka Chakra. It must be noted that the tricolour flag of the Congress party became the tricolour flag of Independent India.
The Indian National Flag which finally became what it is today is a testimony of independent India steering towards growth. The top band is saffron in colour and indicates the strength and courage of the country. The white middle band indicates peace and truth and the last band which is green in colour shows the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.
The Dharma Chakra depicts the “wheel of the law” in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by Emperor Ashoka. The chakra depicts that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.