Amid the coronavirus scare, new virus Hantavirus has flooded our social media feeds and people across the globe are trying to know as much as possible about the new virus. With panic state across the world, people are taking all precautions to prevent themselves from COVID-19 by staying home in self-quarantine. Many states across the world are locked down and people have been suggested to stay home, sanitise their hands, wash their hands and to eat healthy food during the dark times. Also Read - Hantavirus vs Coronavirus: Which One is More Deadly?
However, with Hantavirus as the new deadly virus after coronavirus, here we bring you some of the most important precautions that you should take to prevent its spreading. Also Read - Hantavirus in India: Know Symptoms, Signs, Incubation Period And All Things Important About the Deadly Virus
♦ Seal all small or big holes that are large enough for mice to enter your house. Also Read - Hantavirus Memes: Twitterati Freak Out Thinking This is The Next Deadly Thing After Coronavirus
♦ Cover or pick up pet food dishes when they are not in use.
♦ Store pet food in sealed containers
♦ Cover all trash can with rodent-proof lids.
♦ Ventalise rooms or buildings that have been empty for a long time for 30 minutes by opening doors and windows.
♦ Use wet cleaning method.
♦ Always wear rubber gloves and protective respiratory mask equipment such as face mask.
♦ Spray dead rodent or droppings with disinfectants before removing.
♦ After cleaning, wash your gloved hands and throw gloves away and then wash your bare hands.
♦ Use mouse traps
♦ Remove woodpiles, old cars, trash, debris where rodents may live
Is Hantavirus Airborne?
No, Hantavirus is not airborne. When people come in direct contact with the bodily fluids such as saliva, feaces, urine of an infected rodent, then a person can be infected with the virus. However, as per World Health Organisation (WHO), Hantavirus can become airborne or aerosolized in tiny particles and then can be inhaled.
Early Signs and Symptoms of Hantavirus:
Early symptoms include muscle ache in hips, thighs, back, and shoulder, fever, and fatigue. Other signs including vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea may also follow. The incubation period of hantavirus is believed to be between 1 and 8 days post exposure to the urine, droppings, or saliva of an infected rodent.
If left untreated for around 10 days, late HPS symptoms can occur. These may include coughing and shortness of breath. Sadly, this disease is fatal and therefore you must take enough precautions to stay away from the infection.
Contraction of Hantavirus:
The virus is usually spread by rodents’ urine, faeces, saliva as the virus usually infects them. The virus is not airborne, but can be transmitted from one person to another if someone touches their eyes, nose or mouth after touching rodents’ dropping, urine or nesting materials.
Diagnosis And Treatment of Hantavirus Infection:
It is a bit difficult to diagnose the disease cause by Hantavirus as the early signs and symptoms are confusing and mimic those of other common health ailments. It can easily get confused with influenza. But, if a patient is experiencing shortness of breath along with other symptoms and has a history of rodent exposure, doctors can easily suspect Hantavirus infection and can diagnose the disease.
What is Hantavirus?
The Centre for Disease Control states that the virus mainly spreads from rodents. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome is a respiratory disease caused by infection with hantaviruses and can be fatal in only some cases in humans. The CDC website reads, “Hantaviruses in the Americas are known as “New World” hantaviruses and may cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Other hantaviruses, known as “Old World” hantaviruses, are found mostly in Europe and Asia and may cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).”