New Delhi: Every year on February 28, India celebrates National Science Day to commemorate the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’. It was on this day that Sir CV Raman announced the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930. Also Read - National Science Day 2020 on February 28: Why it is Celebrated and How Netizens Pay Tribute to Indian Physicist CV Raman

His discovery, the Raman Effect, is the inelastic scattering of a photon by molecules which are excited to higher vibrational or rotational energy levels. Also Read - National Science Day: Significance and How Twitterati Pays Tribute to Indian Physicist CV Raman for Discovering Raman Effect

The objective of this day is to propagate the message of importance of science and its application among the people. The first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28, 1987.

On this day, schools and colleges across India organise various exhibitions and competitions to celebrate the occasion.

Theme for this year

The theme for the National Science Day 2020 is “Women in Science”, which aims to celebrate the contribution of women in the field of science.

The day will be celebrated at Vigyan Bhawan with women in science as the focal theme of the programme and President Ram Nath Kovind will present several awards for science communication and popularization as well as for women scientists.

Prime Minister’s tweet on National Science Day:

Many leaders of the country including Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted on the occasion. The PM wrote, ”National Science Day is an occasion to salute the talent and tenacity of our scientists. Their innovative zeal and pioneering research has helped India and the world. May Indian science continue to thrive and may our young minds develop even greater curiosity towards science”.