World Meteorological Day is celebrated every year on 23 March to honor the entry into force in 1950 of the convention that created the World Meteorological Organization. The day also highlights the contribution that National Meteorological and Hydrological Services make to the safety and well-being of society. The WMO is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories. It originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was founded in 1873. Established by the ratification of the WMO Convention on March 23, 1950, WMO became the specialized agency of the United Nations for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences a year later.
The theme for this year is “weather- ready, climate smart”. Awareness about meteorology is one of the important aspects for a sustainable future. It is one of the top priorities to protect lives, livelihoods, and property from weather risks, climate change and water events. With the growing global population, we are at a risk of tropical hazards, heavy rains, droughts phases and many more. So it is the time we actually are weather-ready and climate-smart.
The World Meteorological Organization aimed at establishing a big network station to contribute towards the safety and efficiency of the shipping services along with safety and welfare of the people. The organization is also significant with regards to water resources safety, food security and transport. Hydrology research is an extensive part of this organization and a good level of international cooperation is required for giving proper information about the weather. WMO thus acts as a support system for such international cooperation.
On this day, a variety of programmes and activities are arranged. There are discussions that talk about the achievements of the World Weather Watch and evolutions in the next century. They also talk about the activities in the past, there are conferences, debates on related topics.